What is Baroque music?
Baroque music is a Western classical music style that originated in Europe during the Baroque period, from approximately 1600 to 1750. It was characterized by its ornate and elaborate style, with complex harmonies, intricate melodies, and highly ornamented musical forms.
Baroque music was known for its use of counterpoint, the simultaneous playing of multiple melodies, and its emphasis on polyphony, the use of multiple independent lines of melody. This allowed for rich harmonies and complex textures in the music. Baroque music also featured the use of basso continuo, a form of accompaniment that involved a bass line played by a bass instrument such as a cello or bassoon, accompanied by a keyboard instrument such as a harpsichord.
Baroque music was popularized by composers such as J.S. Bach, George Frideric Handel, Antonio Vivaldi, and Johann Pachelbel. The music was used in religious contexts, such as in the church, as well as in secular contexts, such as in operas and court music.